Spongiotic dermatitis, or acute eczema is a type of dermatitis that affects mostly the chest and the abdomen areas. This dermatitis can appear early in childhood and you can find it in babies as diaper rash, with more incidence in men than in women.
Like other types of dermatitis, spongiotic dermatitis causes itching and redness on the skin. The exact cause is not determined, but there is strong evidence that it is related to allergic reactions - it can be food, insect bites, drugs and skin irritants.
Signs of Spongiotic Dermatitis
The signs of this condition are evident on the abdominal area, the chest and the bottom. It appears as redness on the skin that itches. As the condition worsens, this redness changes color and it gets darker and darker (it can even be almost black!). It is important that you treat spongiotic dermatitis as soon as possible to prevent complications - you'll notice in these cases that the rash areas get crusty and can present oozing as well.
As I mentioned before, the cause of this rash is not yet known, but since it seems to be triggered by external factors, it would be a good idea to keep a list of the things you usually come in contact with.
If you present the spongiotic dermatitis signs and symptoms, you should go to a doctor to get a proper diagnose. The doctor will most likely test you through a biopsy and a will need information on your medical history and your family's history as well to discard any genetic predisposition.
The treatment usually include lotions and topical creams, depending on the severity of the symptoms. The usual way to attack this, is using topical corticosteroids. You may also need vitamin A supplements for about a month, or even stronger medicine if your condition is severe.
Frequently Asked Questions
biopsy shows spares superficial mixed infiltrate of lumphocytes and heutrophils with moderate spongiotic?
clinical diagnosis;pemphigus vulgaris?psoriasiform dermatitis
biopsy shows spares superficial mixed infiltrate of lumphocytes and heutrophils with moderate spongiotic psoriasiform change in the epidermis .the epiderms shows spongiosis with occassional neutrophils involving all layers of epidermis .the stratum shows large foci of parakeratosis and the epidemis shows a cleft above the granaluar layer with a few elongated acanthotic cells
dermatolgist remarks :consistent with pemphigus foliaceus
what actually this report indicates and what preacautions should be taken in this condition pl let me know
Pemphigus Foliaceus is the least severe of the three varieties. Desmoglein 1, the protein that is destroyed by the body's immune system is only found in the top dry layer of the skin, so mouth sores do not occur. Pemphigus foliaceus is characterized by crusty sores that often begin on the scalp, and may move to the chest, back, and face. It is not as painful as pemphigus vulgaris, and is often mis-diagnosed as dermatitis or eczema.
If not treated, pemphigus is fatal, due to overwhelming systemic infection. The most common treatment is the administration of oral steroids, especially prednisone. Recently, there has been great promise of surviving some forms of pemphigus (especially PNP) by using a pooled blood product known as gamma globulin or IVIG. Mild cases sometimes respond to the application of topical steroids. In 2007, a clinical trial including a one-week treatment with Rituximab, a monoclonal chimaeric Anti-CD20-Antibody, approved by the FDA for the treatment of B-Cell-Non-Hodgkin-Lymphoma and severe cases of rheumatoid arthritis, showed a remission in 18 of 21 otherwise untreatable, severe cases of Pemphigus vulgaris.
All of these drugs may cause severe side effects, so the patient should be closely monitored by doctors. Once the outbreaks are under control, dosage is often reduced, to lessen side effects.
If paraneoplastic pemphigus is diagnosed with pulmonary disease, a powerful cocktail of immune suppressant drugs is sometimes used in an attempt to halt the rapid progression of bronchiolitis obliterans. Some drugs used include solumedrol, ciclosporin, azathioprine, and in rare instances, extremely controlled use of thalidomide in eligible patients. Immune phoresis procedures are also a possible treatment.
If skin lesions do become infected, antibiotics may be used for treatment. In addition, talcum powder is helpful to prevent oozing sores from adhering to bedsheets and clothes.
 Pemphigus in domestic animals
Pemphigus foliaceus skin eruption on the ventral abdomen of a dogPemphigus foliaceus has been recognized in pet dogs, cats and horses and is the most common autoimmune skin disease diagnosed in veterinary medicine. Pemphigus foliaceus in animals produces clusters of small vesicles that quickly evolve into pustules. Pustules may rupture, forming erosions or become crusted. Left untreated, pemphigus foliaceus in animals is life-threatening leading to loss of condition and secondary infection.
Pemphigus vulgaris is a very rare disorder described in pet dogs and cats. Paraneoplastic pemphigus has been identified in pet dogs.
Skin biopsy. Foot. Please help if you know a Solution ?
I have on my both foots a flick (dark) . It's called Skin biopsy.Foot.
Microscopic Description :
All tissue submitted was processed , and several levels were examined, The epidermis showed hyperkeratosis with scattered parakeratotic layers .The granular layers was still prominent ,and the stratum malpighii was thickened with areas of spongiosis attended by reactive inflammatory cells .
Diagnosis : Nonspecific of spongiotic dermatitis .
No features to suggest psoriasis were noted .
Help please !
It looks like dermatitis, there are different causes for this, take this to your dermatologist and let him check these results for a diagnosis.